Though most people cringe at the sight of them, spiders have been coexisting with humans for thousands of years, living in and around our structures and preying on the insects that are attracted by light, food, water, or the promise of shelter. While the vast majority of spiders in Georgia and the Southeast are harmless, that doesn’t necessarily mean you want them hanging around your home or business. Here are a few local species you should keep an eye out for.
What types of spiders are common in Georgia?
There are three types of spiders that are commonly found in the Southeast: the brown recluse, black widow, and house spider.
Brown Recluse Spider – These spiders are 1/3 of an inch in length, are light to dark brown in color, and have long, smooth legs. They have a telling dark-brown violin-shaped marking on the top of their back. As their name suggests, they like to live in dark, quiet places like garages, closets, boxes, and underneath furniture. This species of spider is venomous, though they do not pose a significant danger to most people. However, children, the elderly, and those with a weak immune system may be at greater risk.
Black Widow Spider – These spiders are an “oily” black color and have a red hourglass or similar-shaped red marking on their backs. They range in length from 1/2 – 1 3/8 of an inch. They tend to be found in several places both indoors and out, often steering clear of well-lit and heavily trafficked areas.
- Under rocks
- Inside sheds
- Under porches
- In woodpiles
- Crawl spaces
Black widow spiders are generally considered the most venomous species of spider in North America, with venom that’s up to 15 times stronger than a rattlesnake’s. However, only female black widow spiders are dangerous, and much like the brown recluse, only the very young, very old, and very sick are at serious risk.
House Spider – House spiders are yellowish-brown in color with “chevron-like” markings on their off-white abdomen. Females are slightly larger than males and grow to be between 3/16-5/16 of an inch in length. House spiders are the most common species of spider living indoors. In order to catch prey, they constantly build, abandon, and rebuild webs throughout the structures they live in (homes, garages, barns, sheds). In general, these spiders are considered nuisance pests and are not dangerous to people; in fact, they’re responsible for eating many insect pests that inhabit your home.
Are brown recluse and black widow spiders aggressive?
No, they are not particularly aggressive. These spiders like to live in dark, enclosed places and generally only bite when they are startled or accidentally come into contact with a person. They want to stay undisturbed and unnoticed and therefore do not seek out contact with humans. The majority of brown recluse and black widow bites tend to be misdiagnosed; either they are not spider bites at all, or are actually from the yellow sac spider, which is a more aggressive but less dangerous species. However, if you have a reason to suspect you or someone you know has been bitten, you should seek out medical attention just in case.
Why do I have house spiders?
House spiders often enter into homes to seek shelter and food sources during the cooler months of the year. They commonly enter through cracks and crevices in foundations, and through gaps found around windows and doors. They like to inhabit areas like garages, sheds, barns, basements, attics, and crawl spaces to be close to a food source – and far away from humans. A tell-tale sign that house spiders have invaded your home is finding a large number of abandoned webs (also known as “cobwebs”) in the corners of rooms and doorways.
Does Allgood Pest Solutions offer spider control?
Yes, Allgood provides spider control services in Georgia and Tennessee. Our trained professionals will correctly identify which species of spider has invaded your home and provide effective treatment services to eliminate them quickly and safely. If you are having problems with spiders in your home, contact Allgood Pest Solutions today!